Northern Research and Demonstration Farm
We continue to search for methods and products that will increase nitrogen (N) use efficiency in corn production. Several years ago a controlled release N fertilizer was developed. The fertilizer is urea coated with a substance that controls the rate of N release based upon the temperature and amount of soil water. It is currently sold in Iowa as ESN. The objective of this study was to compare the response of corn to addition of ESN and urea at different N rates and different times of application.
Iowa State University
Killorn, Randy and Moore, Jeffrey, "Comparison of ESN and Urea as Sources of Fall- and Spring-Applied N Fertilizer for Corn Production" (2007). Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports. 935.