During the westward expansion of the last century most people looked on the tariff as a monopoly device. They thought of it as being used chiefly to benefit industry. Farmers-especially southern cotton farmers - considered the tariff a drawback. They found it harder to sell farm products on the world market. They thought of the tariff as and aid for business to collect bounties on most of what farmers had to buy.
Coons, Alvin E.
"What Trade Policy Do Farmers Want?,"
Iowa Farm Science: Vol. 1
, Article 6.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/farmscience/vol1/iss12/6