Food Science and Human Nutrition
Journal or Book Title
Industrial Crops and Products
Most of the oil in condensed corn distillers solubles (CCDS) is in an emulsified form and centrifugation alone is not sufficient to recover the oil in high yield. The synergistic effect between non-ionic surfactants (Tween® 80 and Span® 80) and silica nanoparticles (hydrophilic and hydrophobic) on oil recovery was investigated using 3 batches of commercial CCDS. The use of surfactant mixture with Hydrophilic-Lipophilic-Balance (HLB) value of 9.7 led to the highest oil recovery. Tween® 80/silica and surfactant mixture (HLB 9.7)/silica recovered 5–10% more oil compared with the control groups. However, Span®80/silica was not effective. Surfactant mixture/silica made the oil recovery by centrifugation more efficient by destabilizing oil-in-water emulsion and washing out free oil droplets. The use of surfactant and silica significantly affected the distribution of different types of oil, as well as centrifugation conditions, heating and shaking. About 20% of total oil remained in the unbroken cells or germ pieces in CCDS, which is unrecoverable without additional treatment.
Fang, Lei; Wang, Tong; and Lamsal, Buddhi P., "Synergistic effect of surfactants and silica nanoparticles on oil recovery from condensed corn distillers solubles (CCDS)" (2015). Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications. 199.