Food Science and Human Nutrition
Journal or Book Title
Industrial Crops and Products
Application of hydrolytic and other enzymes for improving fermentation performance and oil recovery in corn dry-grind process was optimized. Non-starch polysaccharide enzymes (BluZy-P XL; predominantly xylanase activity) were added at stages prior to fermentation at optimum conditions of 50 ◦C and pH 5.2 and compared with conventional fermentation (30 ◦C, pH 4.0). Enzyme applications resulted in faster ethanol production rates with a slight increase in yield compared to control. The thin stillage yield increased by 0.7–5% w/w wet basis with corresponding increase in solids content with enzyme treatment after liquefaction. The oil partitioned in thin stillage was at 67.7% dry basis after treatment with hydrolytic enzymes during fermentation. Further addition of protease and phytase during simultaneous saccharification and fermentation increased thin stillage oil partitioning to 77.8%. It also influenced other fermentation parameters, e.g., ethanol production rate increased to 1.16 g/g dry corn per hour, and thin stillage wet solids increased by 2% w/w. This study indicated that treatments with non-starch hydrolytic enzymes have potential to improve the performance of corn dry-grind process including oil partitioning into thin stillage. The novelty of this research is the addition of protease and phytase enzymes during simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of corn dry-grind process, which further improved ethanol yields and oil partitioning into thin stillage.
Luangthongkam, P.; Fang, L.; Noomhorm, A.; and Lamsal, Buddhi P., "Addition of cellulolytic enzymes and phytase for improving ethanol fermentation performance and oil recovery in corn dry grind process" (2015). Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications. 200.