Effects of Different Mill Types on Ethanol Production Using Uncooked Dry‐Grind Fermentation and Characteristics of Residual Starch in Distiller's Dried Grains (DDG)
This article is published as R. Wongsagonsup and J. Jane, Effects of different mill types on ethanol production using uncooked dry-grind and characteristics of residual starch in distiller’s dried grains (DDG). Cereal Chemistry 2017, 94(4); 645-653. doi:10.1094/CCHEM-12-16-0283-R . Posted with permission.
This study aimed to investigate impacts of milling methods on ethanol production using an uncooked dry‐grind (cold fermentation) process and characterize residual starch in the distiller's dried grains (DDG) coproduct. Four corn lines with different chemical compositions were ground with cyclone, ultra‐centrifugal, or hammer mills equipped with a screen of 0.5 mm opening and used for the cold fermentation process. Greater starch hydrolysis and ethanol yield were obtained from cyclone‐milled corn, resulting from larger damaged starch contents and smaller particle sizes of the ground corn. Corn grains and ground corn after five‐month storage showed less starch hydrolysis than the freshly ground counterpart. Residual starch (2.8–8.0%) with large proportions of intact amylopectin contents (up to 42.5%) was found in the DDG from all types of milling. The results suggested that the entrapment of starch granules in ground corn and a low activity of amylolytic enzymes at a high ethanol concentration were accountable for the remaining of starch in the DDG.