Campus Units

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology, Computer Science, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

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Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

BMC Bioinformatics



First Page






Identification of the residues in protein-protein interaction sites has a significant impact in problems such as drug discovery. Motivated by the observation that the set of interface residues of a protein tend to be conserved even among remote structural homologs, we introduce PrISE, a family of local structural similarity-based computational methods for predicting protein-protein interface residues.


We present a novel representation of the surface residues of a protein in the form of structural elements. Each structural element consists of a central residue and its surface neighbors. The PrISE family of interface prediction methods uses a representation of structural elements that captures the atomic composition and accessible surface area of the residues that make up each structural element. Each of the members of the PrISE methods identifies for each structural element in the query protein, a collection of similar structural elements in its repository of structural elements and weights them according to their similarity with the structural element of the query protein. PrISE L relies on the similarity between structural elements (i.e. local structural similarity). PrISE G relies on the similarity between protein surfaces (i.e. general structural similarity). PrISE C , combines local structural similarity and general structural similarity to predict interface residues. These predictors label the central residue of a structural element in a query protein as an interface residue if a weighted majority of the structural elements that are similar to it are interface residues, and as a non-interface residue otherwise. The results of our experiments using three representative benchmark datasets show that the PrISE C outperforms PrISE L and PrISE G ; and that PrISE C is highly competitive with state-of-the-art structure-based methods for predicting protein-protein interface residues. Our comparison of PrISE C with PredUs, a recently developed method for predicting interface residues of a query protein based on the known interface residues of its (global) structural homologs, shows that performance superior or comparable to that of PredUs can be obtained using only local surface structural similarity. PrISE C is available as a Web server at


Local surface structural similarity based methods offer a simple, efficient, and effective approach to predict protein-protein interface residues.


This article is from BMC Bioinformatics 13 (2012): 41, doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-13-41. Posted with permission.


This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright Owner

Jordan et al



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