Submissions from 2021
Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Over the United States, Central America, and the Caribbean in CMIP6 GCMs, Mansour Almazroui, M. Nazrul Islam, Fahad Saeed, Sajjad Saeed, Muhammad Ismail, Muhammad Azhar Ehsan, Ismaila Diallo, Enda O’Brien, Moetasim Ashfaq, Daniel Martínez-Castro, Tereza Cavazos, Ruth Cerezo-Mota, Michael K. Tippett, William J. Gutowski Jr., Eric J. Alfaro, Hugo G. Hidalgo, Alejandro Vichot-Llano, Jayaka D. Campbell, Shahzad Kamil, Irfan Ur Rashid, Mouhamadou Bamba Sylla, Tannecia Stephenson, Michael Taylor, and Mathew Barlow
An evolving view on biogeochemical cycling of iron, Andreas Kappler, Casey Bryce, Muammar Mansor, Ulf Lueder, James M. Byrne, and Elizabeth D. Swanner
Microaerophilic Oxidation of Fe(II) Coupled with Simultaneous Carbon Fixation and As(III) Oxidation and Sequestration in Karstic Paddy Soil, Hui Tong, Chunju Zheng, Bing Li, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Chengshuai Liu, Manjia Chen, Yafei Xia, Yuhui Liu, Zengping Ning, Fangbai Li, and Xinbin Feng
Submissions from 2020
A Method to Account for QPF Spatial Displacement Errors in Short-Term Ensemble Streamflow Forecasting, Bradley Carlberg, Kristie J. Franz, and William A. Gallus Jr.
Uranium isotope fractionation in non‐sulfidic anoxic settings and the global uranium isotope mass balance, Devon B. Cole, Noah J. Planavsky, Martha Longley, Philipp Böning, Daniel Wilkes, Xiangli Wang, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Chad Wittkop, David Loydell, Vincent Busigny, Andrew Knudsen, and Erik A. Sperling
Sediment controls dynamic behavior of a Cordilleran Ice Stream at the Last Glacial Maximum, Ellen A. Cowan, Sarah D. Zellers, Juliane Müller, Maureen H. Walczak, Lindsay L. Worthington, Beth E. Caissie, Wesley A. Clary, John M. Jaeger, Sean P. S. Gulick, Jacob W. Pratt, Alan C. Mix, and Stewart J. Fallon
Sea surface temperature across the Subarctic North Pacific and marginal seas through the past 20,000 years: A paleoceanographic synthesis, Catherine V. Davis, Sarah E. Myhre, Curtis Deutsch, Beth Caissie, Summer Praetorius, Marisa Borreggine, and Robert Thunell
Comparing contemporary biogeochemical archives from Mercenaria mercenaria and Crassostrea virginica: Insights on paleoenvironmental reconstructions, David H. Goodwin, David P. Gillikin, Eva N. Jorn, Mihai C. Fratian, and Alan D. Wanamaker Jr.
Sliding Relations for Glacier Slip With Cavities Over Three‐Dimensional Beds, Christian Helanow, Neal R. Iverson, Lucas K. Zoet, and Olivier Gagliardini
The Effect of a Liquid Phase on Force Distribution During Deformation in a Granular System, Christopher R. Ladd and Jacqueline E. Reber
Sensitivity of a Bowing Mesoscale Convective System to Horizontal Grid Spacing in a Convection-Allowing Ensemble, John R. Lawson, William A. Gallus Jr., and Corey K. Potvin
What model material to use? A Review on rock analogs for structural geology and tectonics, Jacqueline E. Reber, Michael L. Cooke, and Tim P. Dooley
On the Forecast Sensitivity of MCS Cold Pools and Related Features to Horizontal Grid Spacing in Convection-Allowing WRF Simulations, Brian J. Squitieri and William A. Gallus Jr.
A community framework for geoscience education research: Summary and recommendations for future research priorities, Kristen St. John, Karen S. McNeal, R. Heather MacDonald, Kim A. Kastens, Kelsey S. Bittings, Cinzia Cervato, John R. McDaris, Heather L. Petcovic, Eric J. Pyle, Eric M. Riggs, Katherine Ryker, Steven Semken, and Rachel Teasdale
The biogeochemistry of ferruginous lakes and past ferruginous oceans, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Nick Lambrecht, Chad Wittkop, Chris Harding, Sergei Katsev, Joshua Torgeson, and Simon W. Poulton
Hydroclimate variability from western Iberia (Portugal) during the Holocene: Insights from a composite stalagmite isotope record, Diana L. Thatcher, Alan D. Wanamaker, Rhawn F. Denniston, Yemane Asmerom, Victor J. Polyak, Daniel Fullick, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, David P. Gillikin, and Jonathan A. Haws
Controls on Subglacial Rock Friction: Experiments With Debris in Temperate Ice, A. C. Thompson, Neal R. Iverson, and L. K. Zoet
Life histories and niche dynamics in late Quaternary proboscideans from Midwestern North America: evidence from stable isotope analyses, Chris Widga, Greg Hodgins, Kayla Kolis, Stacey Lengyel, Jeff Saunders, J. Douglas Walker, and Alan D. Wanamaker
Insights into drumlin development from ground-penetrating radar at Múlajökull, Iceland, a surge-type glacier, Jacob B. Woodard, Lucas K. Zoet, Ívar Ö. Benediktsson, Neal R. Iverson, and Andrew Finlayson
Submissions from 2019
Pervasively anoxic surface conditions at the onset of the Great Oxidation Event: new multi-proxy constraints from the Cooper Lake paleosol, Michael G. Babechuk, Nadine Weimar, Ilka C. Kleinhanns, Suemeyya Eroglu, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Gavin G. Kenny, Balz S. Kamber, and Ronny Schoenberg
North American extreme precipitation events and related large-scale meteorological patterns: a review of statistical methods, dynamics, modeling, and trends, Mathew Barlow, William J. Gutowski Jr., John R. Gyakum, Richard W. Katz, Young‑Kwon Lim, Russ S. Schumacher, Michael F. Wehner, Laurie Agel, Michael Bosilovich, Allison Collow, Alexander Gershunov, Richard Grotjahn, Ruby Leung, Shawn Milrad, and Seung‑Ki Min
The impact of rheology on the transition from stick‐slip to creep in a semi‐brittle analog, Thomas Birren and Jacqueline E. Reber
The revolution of crossdating in marine palaeoecology and palaeoclimatology, Bryan A. Black, Carin Andersson, Paul G. Butler, Michael L. Carroll, Kristine L. DeLong, David J. Reynolds, Bernd R. Schöne, James Scourse, Peter van der Sleen, Alan D. Wanamaker, and Rob Witbaard
Subglacial drumlins and englacial fractures at the surge‐type glacier, Múlajökull, Iceland, Andrew Finlayson, Emrys Phillips, Ívar Örn Benediktsson, Lucas K. Zoet, Neal R. Iverson, and Jez Everest
The Impacts of Using Mixed Physics in the Community Leveraged Unified Ensemble, William A. Gallus Jr., Jamie Wolff, John Halley Gotway, Michelle Harrold, Lindsay Blank, and Jeff Beck
A metrics‐based analysis of seasonal daily precipitation and near‐surface temperature within seven Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment domains, Justin M. Glisan, Richard Jones, Chris Lennard, Nadia I. Castillo Pérez, Philippe Lucas-Picher, Annette Rinke, Silvina Solman, and William J. Gutowski Jr.
Debris-bed friction during glacier sliding with ice–bed separation, Neal R. Iverson, Christian Helanow, and Lucas K. Zoet
Projecting the Most Likely Annual Urban Heat Extremes in the Central United States, David E. Jahn, William A. Gallus Jr., Phong T. T. Nguyen, Qiyun Pan, Kristen Cetin, Eunshin Byon, Lance Manuel, Yuyu Zhou, and Elham Jahani
Variability in the Northern North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans Across the Last Two Millennia: A Review, P. Moffa‐Sánchez, E. Moreno‐Chamarro, D. J. Reynolds, P. Ortega, L. Cunningham, D. Swingedouw, D. E. Amrhein, J. Halfar, L. Jonkers, J. H. Jungclaus, K. Perner, A. Wanamaker, and S. Yeager
Observational and Modelling Study of a Major Downburst Event in Liguria: The 14 October 2016 Case, Antonio Parodi, Martina Lagasio, Maurizio Maugeri, Barbara Turato, and William A. Gallus Jr.
Effect of grain size and grain size distribution on slip dynamics: An experimental analysis, Jeremy Randolph-Flagg and Jacqueline E. Reber
Positive Affective and Behavioral Gains of First-Year Students in Course-Based Research across Disciplines, Elizabeth Sandquist, Cinzia Cervato, and Craig Ogilvie
Alaska Daily Extreme Precipitation Processes in a Subset of CMIP5 Global Climate Models, Kevin M. Smalley, Justin M. Glisan, and William J. Gutowski Jr.
Fate of cobalt and nickel in mackinawite during diagenetic pyrite formation, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Samuel M. Webb, and Andreas Kappler
Influences of Horizontal Grid Spacing and Microphysics on WRF Forecasts of Convective Morphology Evolution for Nocturnal MCSs in Weakly Forced Environments, Jonathan E. Thielen and William A. Gallus Jr.
Biological Fe(II) and As(III) Oxidation Immobilizes Arsenic in Micro-oxic Environments, Hui Tong, Chengshuai Liu, Likai Hao, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Manjia Chen, Fangbai Li, Yafei Xia, Yuhui Liu, and Yanan Liu
Editorial: Cutting-Edge Analogue Modeling Techniques Applied to Study Earth Systems, Christoph von Hagke, Jacqueline Reber, and Mélody Philippon
Strontium, magnesium, and barium incorporation in aragonitic shells of juvenile Arctica islandica: Insights from temperature controlled experiments, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr. and David P. Gillikin
Pacific climate influences on ocean conditions and extreme shell growth events in the Northwestern Atlantic (Gulf of Maine), Alan D. Wanamaker, Shelly M. Griffin, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, Nina M. Whitney, Bryan Black, Rhys Parfitt, Erin E. Lower-Spies, Douglas Introne, and Karl J. Kreutz
Nocturnal convective initiation during PECAN 2015, Tammy M. Weckwerth, John Hanesiak, James W. Wilson, Stanley B. Trier, Samuel K. Degelia, William A. Gallus Jr., Rita D. Roberts, and Xuguang Wang
Paired bulk organic and individual amino acid δ15N analyses of bivalve shell periostracum: A paleoceanographic proxy for water source variability and nitrogen cycling processes, Nina M. Whitney, Beverly J. Johnson, Philip T. Dotsie, Katherine Luzier, and Alan D. Wanamaker Jr.
Linking bedrock discontinuities to glacial quarrying, J. B. Woodard, L. K. Zoet, Neal R. Iverson, and C. Helanow
Estimation of the representative elementary volume of a fractured till: a field and groundwater modeling approach, Nathan L. Young, William W. Simpkins, Jacqueline E. Reber, and Martin F. Helmke
Submissions from 2018
Hot days and tropical nights in Nigeria: trends and associated large-scale features, Abayomi A. Abatan, Babatunde J. Abiodun, Elijah J. Adefisan, and William J. Gutowski Jr.
Statistics of multi‐year droughts from the method for object‐based diagnostic evaluation, Abayomi A. Abatan, William J. Gutowski Jr., Caspar M. Ammann, Laurna Kaatz, Barbara B. Brown, Lawrence Buja, Randy Bullock, Tressa Fowler, Eric Gilleland, and John Halley Gotway
Evaluation of the atmosphere–land–ocean–sea ice interface processes in the Regional Arctic System Model version 1 (RASM1) using local and globally gridded observations, Michael A. Brunke, John J. Cassano, Nicholas Dawson, Alice K. DuVivier, William J. Gutowski Jr., Joseph Hamman, Wieslaw Maslowski, Bart Nijssen, J. E. Jack Reeves Eyre, José C. Renteria, Andrew Roberts, and Xubin Zeng
A Preliminary Examination of WRF Ensemble Prediction of Convective Mode Evolution, Bradley R. Carlberg, William A. Gallus Jr., and Kristie J. Franz
A stalagmite test of North Atlantic SST and Iberian hydroclimate linkages over the last two glacial cycles, Rhawn F. Denniston, Amanda N. Houts, Yemane Asmerom, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr., Jonathan A. Haws, Victor J. Polyak, Diana L. Thatcher, Setsen Altan-Ochir, Alyssa C. Borowske, Sebastian F. M. Breitenbach, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, Frederico T. Regala, Michael M. Benedetti, and Nuno F. Bicho
Open ocean vs. continentally-derived iron cycles along the Neoarchean Campbellrand-Malmani Carbonate platform, South Africa, Suemeyya Eroglu, Ronny Schoenberg, Sakura Pascarelli, Nicolas J. Beukes, Ilka C. Kleinhanns, and Elizabeth D. Swanner
Possible impacts of a changing climate on intense Ligurian Sea rainfall events, William A. Gallus Jr., Antonio Parodi, and Maurizio Maugeri
Validating 3D-printed porous proxies by tomography and porosimetry, Franciszek J, Hasiuk; Sergey Ishutov; and Artur Pacyga
Impacts of Modifications to a Local Planetary Boundary Layer Scheme on Forecasts of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet Environment, David Jahn and William A. Gallus Jr.
Evaluation of regional very heavy precipitation events during the summer season using NARCCAP contemporary simulations, Sho Kawazoe and William J. Gutowski Jr.
Geochemical Characterization of Two Ferruginous Meromictic Lakes in the Upper Midwest, USA, Nicholas Lambrecht, Chad Wittkop, Sergei Katsev, Mojtaba Fakhraee, and Elizabeth D. Swanner
Unexpected isotopic variability in biogenic aragonite: A user issue or proxy problem?, Madelyn J. Mette, Nina M. Whitney, Jared Ballew, and Alan D. Wanamaker
Authentic research in an introductory geology laboratory and student reflections: Impact on nature of science understanding and science self-efficacy, Elizabeth Moss, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Lori Ihrig, and Craig A. Ogilvie
Oceanographic and Climatic Change in the Bering Sea, Last Glacial Maximum to Holocene, Ben M. Pelto, Beth E. Caissie, Steven T. Petsch, and Julie Brigham-Grette
Comparison of brittle- and viscous creep in quartzites: Implications for semi-brittle flow of rocks, Jacqueline E. Reber and Matej Pec
Isolating and Reconstructing Key Components of North Atlantic Ocean Variability From a Sclerochronological Spatial Network, D. J. Reynolds, I. R. Hall, S. M. Slater, M. J. Mette, Alan D. Wanamaker, J. D. Scourse, F. K. Garry, and P. R. Halloran
Combining Academics and Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method to Counter Student Attrition in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, and Craig Ogilvie
A classification of synoptic patterns inducing heavy precipitation in Saudi Arabia during the period 2000-2014, Ahmad E. Samman and William A. Gallus Jr.
Oxic Fe(III) reduction could have generated Fe(II) in the photic zone of Precambrian seawater, Elizabeth D. Swanner, Markus Maisch, Wenfang Wu, and Andreas Kappler
Glacial Erosion Driven by Variations in Meltwater Drainage, S. V. Ugelvig, D. L. Egholm, R. S. Anderson, and Neal R. Iverson
Comparison of Flow and Transport Experiments on 3D Printed Micromodels with Direct Numerical Simulations, Francesca Watson, Julien Maes, Sebastian Geiger, Eric Mackay, Mike Singleton, Thomas McGravie, Terry Anouilh, T. Dawn Jobe, Shuo Zhang, Susan Agar, Sergey Ishutov, and Franciszek Hasiuk
FracKfinder: A MATLAB Toolbox for Computing 3‐D Hydraulic Conductivity Tensors for Fractured Porous Media, Nathan L. Young, Jacqueline E. Reber, and William W. Simpkins
Submissions from 2017
Multiyear Droughts and Pluvials over the Upper Colorado River Basin and Associated Circulations, Abayomi A. Abatan, William J. Gutowski Jr., Caspar M. Ammann, Laurna Kaatz, Barbara G. Brown, Lawrence Buja, Randy Bullock, Tressa Fowler, Eric Gilleland, and John Halley Gotway
Case Studies of a MODIS-Based Potential Evapotranspiration Input to the Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting Model, Angela L. Bowman, Kristie J. Franz, and Terri S. Hogue
Synoptic conditions during summertime temperature extremes in Alaska, Elizabeth N. Cassano, John J. Cassano, Mark W. Seefeldt, William J. Gutowski Jr., and Justin M. Glisan
Development of the Regional Arctic System Model (RASM): Near-Surface Atmospheric Climate Sensitivity, John J. Cassano, Alice DuVivier, Andrew Roberts, Mimi Hughes, Mark Seefeldt, Michael Brunke, Anthony Craig, Brandon Fisel, William Gutowski, Joseph Hamman, Matthew Higgins, Wieslaw Maslowski, Bart Nijssen, Robert Osinski, and Xubin Zeng
The 2015 Plains Elevated Convection at Night Field Project, Bart Geerts, David Parsons, Tammy M. Weckwerth, Michael I. Biggerstaff, Richard D. Clark, Michael C. Coniglio, Belay B. Demoz, Richard A. Ferrare, William A. Gallus Jr., Kevin Haghi, John M. Hanesiak, Petra M. Klein, Kevin R. Knupp, Karen Kosiba, Greg M. McFarquhar, James A. Moore, Amin R. Nehrir, Matthew D. Parker, James O. Pinto, Robert M. Rauber, Russ S. Schumacher, David D. Turner, Qing Wang, Xuguang Wang, Zhien Wang, and Joshua Wurman
A Theoretical Model of Drumlin Formation Based on Observations at Múlajökull, Iceland, Neal R. Iverson, R. G. McCracken, L. K. Zoet, Í. Ö. Benediktsson, A. Schomacker, M. D. Johnson, and J. Woodard
Wind-Ramp-Forecast Sensitivity to Closure Parameters in a Boundary-Layer Parametrization Scheme, David E. Jahn, Eugene S. Takle, and William A. Gallus Jr.
Evapotranspiration Estimates Derived Using Multi-Platform Remote Sensing in a Semiarid Region, Kyle Knipper, Terri Hogue, Russell Scott, and Kristie J. Franz
Downscaling SMAP and SMOS soil moisture with moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer visible and infrared products over southern Arizona, Kyle R, Knipper; Terri S. Hogue; Kristie J. Franz; and Russell L. Scott
Further Evaluation of Probabilistic Convective Precipitation Forecasts Using the QPF–PoP Neighborhood Relationship, Michael C. Kochasic, William A. Gallus Jr., and Christopher J. Schaffer
The effects of environment on Arctica islandica shell formation and architecture, Stefania Milano, Gernot Nehrke, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr, Irene Ballesta-Artero, Thomas Brey, and Bernd R. Schöne
Cyanobacterial carbon concentrating mechanisms facilitate sustained CO2 depletion in eutrophic lakes, Ana M. Morales-Williams, Alan D. Wanamaker, and John A. Downing
Ensemble cloud-resolving modelling of a historic back-building mesoscale convective system over Liguria: the San Fruttuoso case of 1915, Antonio Parodi, Luca Ferraris, William A. Gallus Jr., Maurizio Maugeri, Luca Molini, Franco Siccardi, and Giorgio Boni
Biological and Climate Controls on North Atlantic Marine Carbon Dynamics Over the Last Millennium: Insights From an Absolutely Dated Shell‐Based Record From the North Icelandic Shelf, D. J. Reynolds, I. R. Hall, J. D. Scourse, C. A. Richardson, Alan D. Wanamaker, and P. G. Butler
Pristine Nocturnal Convective Initiation: A Climatology and Preliminary Examination of Predictability, Sean Stelten and William A. Gallus Jr.
Iron Isotope Fractionation during Fe(II) Oxidation Mediated by the Oxygen-Producing Marine Cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7002, Elizabeth S. Swanner, Timm Bayer, Wenfang Wu, Likai Hao, Martin Obst, Anneli Sundman, James Martin Byrne, F. M. Michel, I. C. Kleinhanns, A. Klapper, and R. Schoenberg
Spatial and temporal variability in the δ18Ow and salinity compositions of Gulf of Maine coastal surface waters, Nina M. Whitney, Alan D. Wanamaker, Karl J. Kreutz, and Douglas S. Introne
Late Pleistocene proboscidean population dynamics in the North American Midcontinent, Chris Widga, Stacey N. Lengyel, Jeffrey Saunders, Gregory Hodgins, J. Douglas Walker, and Alan D. Wanamaker
Submissions from 2016
Progressive formation of modern drumlins at Múlajökull, Iceland: stratigraphical and morphological evidence, Ívar Örn Benediktsson, Sverrir A. Jónsson, Anders Schomacker, Mark D. Johnson, Ólafur Ingólfsson, Lucas Zoet, Neal R. Iverson, and Johann Stötter
The value of crossdating to retain high‐frequency variability, climate signals, and extreme events in environmental proxies, Bryan A. Black, Daniel Griffin, Peter van der Sleen, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr., James H. Speer, David C. Frank, David W. Stahle, Neil Pederson, Carolyn A. Copenheaver, Valerie Trouet, Shelly Griffin, and Bronwyn M. Gillanders
Bering Sea surface water conditions during Marine Isotope Stages 12 to 10 at Navarin Canyon (IODP Site U1345), Beth E. Caissie, Julie Brigham-Grette, Mea S. Cook, and Elena Colmenero-Hidalgo
Synoptic conditions during wintertime temperature extremes in Alaska, John J. Cassano, Elizabeth N. Cassano, Mark W. Seefeldt, William J. Gutowski Jr., and Justin M. Glisan
A Forecast Advisory for Afternoon Thunderstorm Occurrence in the Taipei Basin during Summer Developed from Diagnostic Analysis, Tsing-Chang Chen, Jenq-Dar Tsay, and Eugene S. Takle
Interannual Variation of Summer Rainfall in the Taipei Basin, Tsing-Chang Chen, Jenq-Dar Tsay, and Eugene S. Takle
Physical Experiments of Tectonic Deformation and Processes: Building a Strong Community, Michael L. Cooke, Jacqueline E. Reber, and Saad Haq
Expansion and Contraction of the Indo-Pacific Tropical Rain Belt over the Last Three Millennia, Rhawn F. Denniston, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, Alan D. Wanamaker, Matthew S. Lachniet, Gabriele Villarini, Yemane Asmerom, Victor J. Polyak, Kristian J. Passaro, John Cugley, David Woods, and William F. Humphreys
Analysis of WRF extreme daily precipitation over Alaska using self-organizing maps, Justin M. Glisan, William J. Gutowski Jr., John J. Cassano, Elizabeth N. Cassano, and Mark W. Seefeldt
North American extreme temperature events and related large scale meteorological patterns: a review of statistical methods, dynamics, modeling, and trends, Richard Grotjahn, Robert Black, Ruby Leung, Michael F. Wehner, Mathew Barlow, Mike Bosilovich, Alexander Gershunov, William J. Gutowski Jr., John R. Gyakum, Richard E. Katz, Yun-Young Lee, Young-Kwon Lim, and Prabhat
WCRP COordinated Regional Downscaling EXperiment (CORDEX): a diagnostic MIP for CMIP6, William J. Gutowski Jr., Filippo Giorgi, Bertrand Timbal, Anne Frigon, Daniela Jacob, Hyun-Suk Kang, Krishnan Raghavan, Boram Lee, Christopher Lennard, Grigory Nikulin, Eleanor O’Rourke, Michel Rixen, Silvina Solman, Tannecia Stephenson, and Fredolin Tangang
On Contrasting Ensemble Simulations of Two Great Plains Bow Echoes, John Lawson and William A. Gallus Jr.
Adapting the SAL method to evaluate reflectivity forecasts of summer precipitation in the central United States, John R. Lawson and William A. Gallus Jr.
Investigation of wing crack formation with a combined phase-field and experimental approach, Sanghyun Lee, Jacqueline E. Reber, Nicholas W. Hayman, and Mary F. Wheeler
Laboratory Simulation of an Iron(II)-rich Precambrian Marine Upwelling System to Explore the Growth of Photosynthetic Bacteria, Markus Maisch, Wenfang Wu, Andreas Kappler, and Elizabeth D. Swanner
Quantifying the Level of Inquiry in a Reformed Introductory Geology Lab Course, Elizabeth Moss and Cinzia Cervato