Campus Units

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

8-2017

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Climate

Volume

30

Issue

15

First Page

5729

Last Page

5753

DOI

10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0775.1

Abstract

The near-surface climate, including the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land state and fluxes, in the initial version of the Regional Arctic System Model (RASM) are presented. The sensitivity of the RASM near-surface climate to changes in atmosphere, ocean, and sea ice parameters and physics is evaluated in four simulations. The near-surface atmospheric circulation is well simulated in all four RASM simulations but biases in surface temperature are caused by biases in downward surface radiative fluxes. Errors in radiative fluxes are due to biases in simulated clouds with different versions of RASM simulating either too much or too little cloud radiative impact over open ocean regions and all versions simulating too little cloud radiative impact over land areas. Cold surface temperature biases in the central Arctic in winter are likely due to too few or too radiatively thin clouds. The precipitation simulated by RASM is sensitive to changes in evaporation that were linked to sea surface temperature biases. Future work will explore changes in model microphysics aimed at minimizing the cloud and radiation biases identified in this work.

Comments

This article is published as Cassano, John J., Alice DuVivier, Andrew Roberts, Mimi Hughes, Mark Seefeldt, Michael Brunke, Anthony Craig et al. "Development of the Regional Arctic System Model (RASM): near-surface atmospheric climate sensitivity." Journal of Climate 30, no. 15 (2017): 5729-5753. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0775.1.

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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