Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2008

Journal or Book Title

Advances in Geosciences

Volume

16

First Page

109

Last Page

116

DOI

10.5194/adgeo-16-109-2008

Abstract

Simulations of a squall line system which occurred on 12 August 2004 near Munich, Germany are performed using a fine grid version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with five different microphysical schemes. Synthetic dual polarization observations are created from the model output and compared with detailed observations gathered by the DLR polarimetric radar POLDIRAD located near Munich. Synthetic polarimetric radar scans are derived from the model forecasts employing the polarimetric radar forward operator SynPolRad. Evaluations of the microphysical parameterization schemes are carried out comparing Plan Position Indicator (PPI) and Range Height Indicator (RHI) scans of reflectivity and the spatial distribution of hydrometeor types. The hydrometeor types are derived applying a hydrometeor classification scheme to the observed and simulated polarimetric radar quantities. Furthermore, the Ebert-McBride contiguous rain area method of verification is tested in a variety of ways on the reflectivity output from the simulations. It is found that all five schemes overestimate reflectivity in the domain, particularly in the stratiform region of the convective system. All four schemes including graupel as a hydrometeor type produce too much of it. Differences are seen among the schemes in their depiction of reflectivity in the convective line and their representation of radar bright bands.

Comments

This article is from Advances in Geosciences 16 (2008): 109, doi: 10.5194/adgeo-16-109-2008. Posted with permission.

Rights

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright Owner

Copernicus Publications

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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