This chapter assesses long-term projections of climate change for the end of the 21st century and beyond, where the forced signal depends on the scenario and is typically larger than the internal variability of the climate system. Changes are expressed with respect to a baseline period of 1986–2005, unless otherwise stated.
Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change
Gutowski, William J. Jr.; Collins, Matthew; Knutti, Reto; Arblaster, Julie; Dufresne, Jean-Louis; Fichefet, Thierry; Fridlingstien, Pierre; Gao, Xuejie; Johns, Tim; Krinner, Gerhard; Shongwe, Mxolisi; Tebaldi, Claudia; Weaver, Andrew J.; and Wehner, Michael, "Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility" (2013). Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Reports. 2.