Journal or Book Title
Family and Financial Stress: Links to educational and Occupational Attainment: Symposium at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Family Relations, Orlando, FL
African Americans experience the highest rates of father absence from the home compared to other ethnic groups in the U.S. As of 2010: 67% of African American infants were born to unwed mothers: 33% of African American households were headed by a single mother with at least one related child under 18 years of age: 65% were below the poverty line (U.S. Bureau of the Census). African American women earn significantly less than African American men and all other ethnic groups by sex (except for Hispanic women) (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2007). As of the 2010 Census, 71% of African American females age 25 and over did not have a post-secondary degree.
Meghan T. Gillette and Clinton G. Gudmunson
Gillette, Meghan and Gudmunson, Clinton G., "Father Absence, Reproductive Strategies, and Parent Financial Strain: Effects on African American Female Adolescents’ Educational Expectations" (2011). Human Development and Family Studies Presentations, Posters and Proceedings. 2.