Campus Units

Human Development and Family Studies

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

4-10-2017

Journal or Book Title

Child Youth Care Forum

Volume

46

Issue

5

First Page

703

Last Page

720

DOI

10.1007/s10566-017-9401-6

Abstract

Background

Exposure to multiple stressors and lack of access to resources place rural children at high risk for adverse consequences. Family Stress Model guided this study to examine relations between two stressors- food insecurity and maternal depressive symptoms, and behavior problems among younger and older rural children.

Objective

To test associations between food insecurity, maternal depressive symptoms, and behavior problems among younger and older rural low-income children.

Methods

Cross-sectional data from 370 low-income rural families across 13 states was analyzed using structural equation modeling and multiple group analyses. Mothers’ education level, household income, marital/partner status, and participation in SNAP served as covariates.

Results

Among younger children, maternal depressive symptoms partially mediated the relation between food insecurity and child externalizing behaviors, while among older children, maternal depressive symptoms completely mediated the relation between food insecurity and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors.

Conclusions

Stress manifested directly from, or indirectly through, maternal depressive symptoms and from food insecurity was related to behavior problems among younger and older rural children; however, the relations varied by age of children. Programs and policies that prevent or lessen both food insecurity and maternal depression may help to lessen problem behaviors among on rural children. Longitudinal studies are needed to rigorously examine causation and directionality among food insecurity, maternal depression and rural child behavior problems, while accounting for influences of child, caregiver and family characteristics.

Comments

This accepted article is published as Greder, K.A., Peng, C., Doudna, K.D. et al. Role of Family Stressors on Rural Low-Income Children’s Behaviors. Child Youth Care Forum 46, 703–720 (2017); doi:10.1007/s10566-017-9401-6. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Springer Nature

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

Share

COinS