Campus Units

Human Development and Family Studies

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

4-2008

Journal or Book Title

Patient Education and Counseling

Volume

71

Issue

1

First Page

102

Last Page

107

DOI

10.1016/j.pec.2007.11.004

Abstract

Objective

Numerous studies have demonstrated the robustness of the framing effect in a variety of contexts. The present study investigated the effects of a debiasing procedure designed to prevent the framing effect for young adults who made decisions based on hypothetical medical decision-making vignettes.

Methods

The debiasing technique involved participants listing advantages and disadvantages of each treatment prior to making a choice. One hundred and two undergraduate students read a set of three medical treatment vignettes that presented information in terms of different outcome probabilities under either debiasing or control conditions.

Results

The framing effect was demonstrated by the control group in two of the three vignettes. The debiasing group successfully avoided the framing effect for both of these vignettes.

Conclusion

These results further support previous findings of the framing effect as well as an effective debiasing technique. This study improved upon previous framing debiasing studies by including a control group and personal medical scenarios, as well as demonstrating debiasing in a framing condition in which the framing effect was demonstrated without a debiasing procedure.

Practice implications

The findings suggest a relatively simple manipulation may circumvent the use of decision-making heuristics in patients.

Comments

This article is published as Almashat, Sammy, Brian Ayotte, Barry Edelstein, and Jennifer Margrett. "Framing effect debiasing in medical decision making." Patient education and counseling 71, no. 1 (2008): 102-107. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2007.11.004. Posted with permission.

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Included in

Gerontology Commons

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