Campus Units

Human Development and Family Studies

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

2010

Journal or Book Title

Experimental Aging Research

Volume

36

Issue

4

First Page

394

Last Page

425

DOI

10.1080/0361073X.2010.509010

Abstract

This study provides, for the first time, normative data on cognitive functioning and physical performance, health and health behaviors, and diseases from a population-based sample of 244 centenarians and near-centenarians (M age = 100.5 years, range 98–108, 84.8% women, 21.3% African American) from the Georgia Centenarian Study. Data are presented by the four key dimensions of gender, race, residence, and educational attainment. Results illustrate the profound range of functioning in this age group and indicate considerable differences as a function of each dimension. Bivariate models generally suggest that cognitive functioning and physical performance is higher for men than women; whites than African Americans; community than facility residents; and those with more than high school education than those with less than high school education. Multivariate models elaborate that differences in educational attainment generally account for the largest proportion of variance in cognitive functioning and residential status generally accounts for the largest proportion of variance in physical performance measures. Addition of health variables seldom increases variance accounted for in each domain beyond these four dimensions.

Comments

This manuscript is published as Davey, Adam, Merrill F. Elias, Ilene C. Siegler, Uday Lele, Peter Martin, Mary Ann Johnson, Dorothy B. Hausman, and Leonard W. Poon. "Cognitive function, physical performance, health, and disease: Norms from the Georgia Centenarian Study." Experimental aging research 36, no. 4 (2010): 394-425. 10.1080/0361073X.2010.509010. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Taylor and Francis

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

Included in

Gerontology Commons

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