Campus Units

Human Development and Family Studies

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

12-2009

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Adult Development

Volume

16

Issue

4

First Page

199

Last Page

208

DOI

10.1007/s10804-009-9066-y.

Abstract

This study assessed engaged lifestyle activities (e.g., volunteering, traveling, and public speaking) for centenarians of the Georgia Centenarian Study. A total of 285 centenarians and near-centenarians (i.e., 98 years and older) and their proxy informants participated in this study. The Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) was assessed for all centenarians, and proxy informants reported on lifestyle activities and personality traits of the centenarians. Results suggested that participants who had volunteered, traveled, and those who had given public talks and balanced their checkbooks were more likely to show relatively high mental status scores (i.e., MMSE > 17). Personality traits were found to be moderators in the relationship between engaged lifestyle and mental status: Participants with high levels of Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness and with high levels of engaged lifestyle were more likely to show relatively high mental status scores (i.e., MMSE > 17), whereas participants with low levels of Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness and with low levels of engaged lifestyle were more likely to show relatively low mental status scores (i.e., MMSE < 18). The results suggest that engaged lifestyle, particularly in combination with personality traits, plays an important role in the level of cognitive functioning among oldest old adults.

Comments

This manuscript is published as Martin, Peter, Joan Baenziger, Maurice MacDonald, Ilene C. Siegler, and Leonard W. Poon. "Engaged lifestyle, personality, and mental status among centenarians." Journal of adult development 16, no. 4 (2009): 199. 10.1007/s10804-009-9066-y. . Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Springer Science+Business Media

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

Included in

Gerontology Commons

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