In the Corn Belt it costs approximately $100 to raise a heifer calf from birth to producing age. About three-fourths of this charge is for feed; the rest is for labor, housing and other items.
The attitude that the raising of heifers is a too expensive practice is held by some dairymen with grade herds who are located in the denser dairy regions where whole milk is· the product sold and feed prices are usually high. Farmer-dairymen, who sell cream and have skim milk available, and breeders of purebreds generally do not question the advisability of raising heifers. Purebred heifers cost but little, if any, more to raise than grades and have about twice their value.
Weaver, Earl; Matthews, C. A.; and Oderkirk, Burt, "Raising Dairy Calves" (1929). Circular. Paper 119.