Start Date

4-12-1991 12:00 AM

Description

A major factor limiting soybean production in Iowa is parasitism by the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera ~lycines. Soybean cyst nematode is now known to be present in 52 counties within Iowa. It is very likely that the nematode is present in many other counties as well, but the nonspecific nature of the above-ground symptoms of soybean cyst nematode damage makes early identification or diagnosis of infestations difficult. The primary above-ground symptoms of soybean cyst nematode damage are chlorosis or yellowing and stunting of the soybean plants. These symptoms are not unique and often can be attributed to damage due to iron deficiency chlorosis, other nutrient deficiencies, drought stress, herbicide injury, compaction, or other plant diseases. In many instances, injury due to soybean cyst nematode has probably gone undetected because of these nondescript symptoms. In addition, the above-ground symptoms of soybean cyst nematode damage often do not occur consistently. Symptoms can range from nonexistent to severe depending on the age and vigor of the soybean plants, the population density of the nematode in the soil, the level of soil fertility and moisture, and other environmental conditions. One cannot rely upon above-ground symptoms for conclusive identification of a soybean cyst nematode infestation.

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Dec 4th, 12:00 AM

Soybean Cyst Nematode- Identification and Extraction Techniques

A major factor limiting soybean production in Iowa is parasitism by the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera ~lycines. Soybean cyst nematode is now known to be present in 52 counties within Iowa. It is very likely that the nematode is present in many other counties as well, but the nonspecific nature of the above-ground symptoms of soybean cyst nematode damage makes early identification or diagnosis of infestations difficult. The primary above-ground symptoms of soybean cyst nematode damage are chlorosis or yellowing and stunting of the soybean plants. These symptoms are not unique and often can be attributed to damage due to iron deficiency chlorosis, other nutrient deficiencies, drought stress, herbicide injury, compaction, or other plant diseases. In many instances, injury due to soybean cyst nematode has probably gone undetected because of these nondescript symptoms. In addition, the above-ground symptoms of soybean cyst nematode damage often do not occur consistently. Symptoms can range from nonexistent to severe depending on the age and vigor of the soybean plants, the population density of the nematode in the soil, the level of soil fertility and moisture, and other environmental conditions. One cannot rely upon above-ground symptoms for conclusive identification of a soybean cyst nematode infestation.