Campus Units

Aerospace Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Psychology

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) Users Symposium

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Last Page


Conference Title

Fourth Annual GIFT Users Symposium

Conference Date

May 26, 2016


This paper describes the unexpected challenges of team tutor development such as the task and logistics. Previously, a research team from Iowa State University (ISU) working with the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) developed the reconnaissance (Recon) task for simple team tutoring with the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) (Bonner et al., 2015; Gilbert et al., 2015). Considerations were included for the testing environment such as audio-based team interactions, initialization of the scenario simultaneously, and the inclusion of eyetracking and screen capture technology. Throughout the process of tutor development, several computational challenges have been encountered such as the implementation of team rules, determination of the appropriate amount of feedback, and the use of participants’ behavior history as input to the tutor. Our descriptions of these challenges should forewarn future developers of team tutors. We also suggest enhancements to GIFT to aid this process.


This is a proceeding from the Fourth Annual Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) Users Symposium (GIFTSym4) (2016): 49. Posted with permission.


Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.



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