Campus Units

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Psychology, Gerontology, Human Computer Interaction, Virtual Reality Applications Center

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

2021 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW)

First Page


Last Page


Research Focus Area(s)

Ergonomics and Human Factors




The proliferation of locomotion interfaces for virtual reality necessitates a framework for predicting and evaluating navigational success. Spatial updating—the process of mentally updating one’s self-location during locomotion—is a core component of navigation, is easy to measure, and is sensitive to common elements of locomotion interfaces. This paper highlights three factors that influence spatial updating: body-based self-motion cues, environmental cues, and characteristics of the individual. The concordance framework, which characterizes locomotion interfaces based on agreement between body movement and movement through the environment, serves as a useful starting point for understanding the effectiveness of locomotion interfaces for enabling accurate navigation.


This is a manuscript of a proceeding published as Kelly, Jonathan W., and Stephen B. Gilbert. "The Effectiveness of Locomotion Interfaces Depends on Self-Motion Cues, Environmental Cues, and the Individual." In 2021 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW), pp. 391-392. IEEE, 2021. DOI: 10.1109/VRW52623.2021.00082. Posted with permission.


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File Format


Published Version