Document Type


Publication Date



This Phase II follow-up study of IHRB Project TR-473 focused on the performance evaluation of rubblized pavements in Iowa. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the structural condition of existing rubblized concrete pavements across Iowa through Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) tests, Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) tests, visual pavement distress surveys, etc. Through backcalculation of FWD deflection data using the ISU’s advanced layer moduli backcalculation program, the rubblized layer moduli were determined for various projects and compared with each other for correlating with the long-term pavement performance. The AASHTO structural layer coefficient for rubblized layer was also calculated using the rubblized layer moduli. To validate the mechanistic-empirical (M-E) hot mix asphalt (HMA) overlay thickness design procedure developed during the Phase I study, the actual HMA overlay thicknesses from the rubblization projects were compared with the predicted thicknesses obtained from the design software.

The results of this study show that rubblization is a valid option to use in Iowa in the rehabilitation of PCC provided the foundation is strong enough to support construction operations during the rubblization process. The M-E structural design methodology developed during Phase I can estimate the HMA overlay thickness reasonably well to achieve long-lasting performance of HMA pavements. The rehabilitation strategy is recommended for continued use in Iowa under those conditions conducive for rubblization.

Copyright Owner

Iowa State University

Report Number

IHRB Project TR-550; CTRE Project 05-237

Granting Agencies

Iowa Highway Research Board, Iowa Department of Transportation



File Format