In August 2003, the United States and Australia asked the World Trade Organization (WTO) to convene a panel to resolve an ongoing dispute concerning geographical indications (GIs). In simple terms, the United States and Australia charged that E.U. rules governing the registration of GIs discriminate against third-country GI products (national treatment) and fail to protect U.S. trademarks. Given the range of sub-issues covered in the dispute, it is perhaps not surprising that the WTO panel’s March 2005 ruling left both sides claiming victory.
Clemens, Roxanne L. B.
"Geographical Indications, the WTO, and Iowa-80 Beef,"
Iowa Ag Review: Vol. 11
, Article 4.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowaagreview/vol11/iss2/4