Artificial insemination means the collecting of semen from a male and its subsequent introduction into the genital passage of a female. The first recorded artificial insemination of dogs was done by Abbe Spallanzani in 1780.
"Artificial Insemination in the Dog,"
Iowa State University Veterinarian: Vol. 30
, Article 4.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian/vol30/iss1/4