This paper is intended for the bovine practitioner. Fluid and acid-base balance is a complex subject and application of basic principles can be difficult in the busy rural practice. However, while we recognize that the veterinarian's primary role is to assist the animal in elimination of the primary disease, the reward of success will often be enhanced through use of supportive fluid therapy.
Prasse, K. W. and Sexton, J. W.
"Fluid and Acid-Base Balance in Cattle: A Guide for Supportive Fluid Therapy,"
Iowa State University Veterinarian: Vol. 34
, Article 7.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian/vol34/iss2/7