Equine cryptorchidism is examined by a review of the literature. Possible causes of testicular retention as they relate to normal testicular descent are proposed. Current methods of cryptorchidectomy are compared and a parainguinal method, as performed in the Large Animal Clinic at Iowa State University, is examined for its comparative advantages and disadvantages.
Shira, Michael J. and Genetzky, Roger M.
Iowa State University Veterinarian: Vol. 44
, Article 3.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian/vol44/iss2/3