Increasingly, practitioners are presented with injured raptors, either found as wild birds or kept as trained falcons. Orthopedic injuries are the most common result of trauma to birds of prey. While many of the principles of mammalian medicine and surgery can be applied to avian species, raptors present special problems of management, restraint and handling, diagnosis, anesthesia, fracture healing and repair, and rehabilitation.
Gilbert, T. L. and Egger, E. L.
"Management of Casualty Birds of Prey,"
Iowa State University Veterinarian: Vol. 44
, Article 7.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian/vol44/iss2/7