Selection of the safest and most effective anesthetic protocol for performing a cesarean section is often a dilemma for veterinarians. Dams who are presented for this procedure are often in an emergency state, and their physical condition, along with that of the fetuses, is in a declining plane.
Besancon, Michael; Buttrick, Martha; and Baldwin, Claudia
"Considerations in General Anesthesia for Cesarean Section in Small Animals,"
Iowa State University Veterinarian: Vol. 60
, Article 10.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian/vol60/iss1/10