This paper argues that by expanding and critiquing the definition of violence with relation to Islamophobia, implicit manifestations of Islamophobia, anti-Muslim Racism, and structural violence can be exposed. Through the work of the Muslim Youth Collective, we frame anti-Muslim racism as structural violence, and provide considerations for how Muslim communities may actualize resistance in response.
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Mohammad, U., Naveed, I., & Rudnick, D. L. (2019). Radical Rejections of Violence: Resisting Anti-Muslim Racism. Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis, 8 (1). Retrieved from https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/jctp/vol8/iss1
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