This paper argues that by expanding and critiquing the definition of violence with relation to Islamophobia, implicit manifestations of Islamophobia, anti-Muslim Racism, and structural violence can be exposed. Through the work of the Muslim Youth Collective, we frame anti-Muslim racism as structural violence, and provide considerations for how Muslim communities may actualize resistance in response.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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