The variations among transportation costs for local, regional and conventional food production and distribution systems were investigated for three Iowa counties.
What is the true cost of moving food products on the highway system, including transportation, environmental, safety, and pavement maintenance and deterioration costs?
The research used existing tools and data to answer the question. The Highway Economic Requirements System (HERS-ST) was used to calculate some of the above costs.
Inya Nienanya, Marwan Ghandour, Silvina Lopez Barerra
Year of Grant Completion
Smadi, Omar G.; Nienanya, Inya; Ghandour, Marwan; and Lopez Barrera, Silvina, "The actual cost of food systems on roadway infrastructure" (2011). Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports. 367.