Campus Units

Management

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

4-10-2018

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Organizational Behavior

Volume

39

Issue

7

First Page

853

Last Page

868

DOI

10.1002/job.2279

Abstract

Stigmatization is a process by which certain individuals are devalued and alienated from specific types of social interactions, because they are perceived to possess a negatively valenced characteristic (e.g., age, gender, and medical condition). Due to its diverse and context‐driven nature, stigmatization potentially affects a large percentage of the population. Consequently, many individuals are likely victimized by stigmatization processes in a particular situation and subsequently may be deprived of the organizational opportunities available to nonstigmatized individuals. The purpose of this paper is to review and organize the literature by drawing on a suggested typology of stigmas found in organizations. We ground this novel typology in both the stigmatization and management literatures, incorporating the dimensions of controllability and visibility of stigmatizing attributes as well as whether or not the attribute is protected under federal law. Because all stigmatizing characteristics are not equally deleterious, we present 8 separate groups of stigmas and the differential effects that each have on stigmatized individuals' opportunities within organizations (i.e., access and treatment discrimination). Further, we outline mechanisms (i.e., imputed characteristics) that underlie the differential treatment afforded those who are stigmatized. We then provide a research roadmap to better understand the role stigmas play in organizations moving forward.

Comments

This accepted article is published as Summers, J.K., Howe, M., McElroy, J.C., Buckley, M.R., Pahng, P., Cortes-Mejia, S., A typology of stigma within organizations: Access and treatment effects. Journal of Organizational Behavior, April 2018, 39(7);853-868. Doi: 10.1002/job.2279. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

Share

COinS