Journal or Book Title
Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B
We answer positively the question of Albertson asking whether every planar graph can be 5-list-colored even if it contains precolored vertices, as long as they are sufficiently far apart from each other. In order to prove this claim, we also give bounds on the sizes of graphs critical with respect to 5-list coloring. In particular, if G is a planar graph, H is a connected subgraph of G and L is an assignment of lists of colors to the vertices of G such that |L(v)| ≥ 5 for every v ∈ V (G) \ V (H) and G is not L-colorable, then G contains a subgraph with O(|H| 2) vertices that is not L-colorable
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Dvořák, Zdeněk; Lidicky, Bernard; Mohar, Bojan; and Postle, Luke, "5-List-Coloring Planar Graphs with Distant Precolored Vertices" (2017). Mathematics Publications. 123.