Journal or Book Title
Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik
In this paper we study finite time blow-up of solutions of a hyperbolic model for chemotaxis. Using appropriate scaling this hyperbolic model leads to a parabolic model as studied by Othmer and Stevens (1997) and Levine and Sleeman (1997). In the latter paper, explicit solutions which blow-up in finite time were constructed. Here, we adapt their method to construct a corresponding blow-up solution of the hyperbolic model. This construction enables us to compare the blow-up times of the corresponding models. We find that the hyperbolic blow-up is always later than the parabolic blow-up. Moreover, we show that solutions of the hyperbolic problem become negative near blow-up. We calculate the “zero-turning-rate” time explicitly and we show that this time can be either larger or smaller than the parabolic blow-up time.
The blow-up models as discussed here and elsewhere are limiting cases of more realistic models for chemotaxis. At the end of the paper we discuss the relevance to biology and exhibit numerical solutions of more realistic models.
Birkhauser Verlag, Basel
Hillen, T. and Levine, Howard A., "Blow-up and pattern formation in hyperbolic models for chemotaxis in 1-D" (2003). Mathematics Publications. 162.