Journal or Book Title
Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B
The inverse eigenvalue problem of a given graph G is to determine all possible spectra of real symmetric matrices whose off-diagonal entries are governed by the adjacencies in G. Barrett et al. introduced the Strong Spectral Property (SSP) and the Strong Multiplicity Property (SMP) in [Generalizations of the Strong Arnold Property and the minimum number of distinct eigenvalues of a graph. Electron. J. Combin., 2017]. In that paper it was shown that if a graph has a matrix with the SSP (or the SMP) then a supergraph has a matrix with the same spectrum (or ordered multiplicity list) augmented with simple eigenvalues if necessary, that is, subgraph monotonicity. In this paper we extend this to a form of minor monotonicity, with restrictions on where the new eigenvalues appear. These ideas are applied to solve the inverse eigenvalue problem for all graphs of order five, and to characterize forbidden minors of graphs having at most one multiple eigenvalue.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Barrett, Wayne; Butler, Steve; Fallat, Shaun M.; Hall, H. Tracy; Hogben, Leslie; Lin, Jephian C.-H.; Shader, Bryan L.; and Young, Michael, "The inverse eigenvalue problem of a graph: Multiplicities and minors" (2020). Mathematics Publications. 199.
Available for download on Sunday, October 31, 2021