Journal or Book Title
Discrete Applied Mathematics
Zero forcing is a process on a graph that colors vertices blue by starting with some of the vertices blue and applying a color change rule. Throttling minimizes the sum of the size of the initial blue vertex set and the number of the time steps needed to color the graph. We study throttling for positive semidefinite zero forcing. We establish a tight lower bound on the positive semidefinite throttling number as a function of the order, maximum degree, and positive semidefinite zero forcing number of the graph, and determine the positive semidefinite throttling numbers of paths, cycles, and full binary trees. We characterize the graphs that have extreme positive semidefinite throttling numbers.
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Carlson, Joshua; Hogben, Leslie; Kritschgau, Jürgen; Lorenzen, Kate; Ross, Michael S.; Selken, Seth; and Valle Martinez, Vicente, "Throttling positive semidefinite zero forcing propagation time on graphs" (2019). Mathematics Publications. 206.