Mechanical Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Plant Sciences Institute
Journal or Book Title
Design of microparticles which stabilize at the centerline of a channel flow when part of a dilute suspension is examined numerically for moderate Reynolds numbers (10≤Re≤80). Stability metrics for particles with arbitrary shapes are formulated based on linear-stability theory. Particle shape is parametrized by a compact, Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS)-based representation. Shape-design is posed as an optimization problem and solved using adaptive Bayesian optimization. We focus on designing particles for maximal stability at the channel-centerline robust to perturbations. Our results indicate that centerline-focusing particles are families of characteristic "fish"/"bottle"/"dumbbell"-like shapes, exhibiting fore-aft asymmetry. A parametric exploration is then performed to identify stable particle-designs at different k's (particle chord-to-channel width ratio) and Re's (0.1≤k≤0.4,10≤Re≤80). Particles at high-k's and Re's are highly stabilized when compared to those at low-k's and Re's. A comparison of the modified dumbbell designs from the current framework also shows better performance to perturbations in Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) when compared to the rod-disk model reported previously (Uspal & Doyle 2014) for low-Re Hele-Shaw flow. We identify basins of attraction around the centerline, which span larger release-angle-ranges and lateral locations (tending to the channel width) for narrower channels, which effectively standardizes the notion of global focusing in such configurations using the current stability-paradigm. The present framework is illustrated for 2D cases and is potentially generalizable to stability in 3D flow-fields. The current formulation is also agnostic to Re and particle/channel geometry which indicates substantial potential for integration with imaging flow-cytometry tools and microfluidic biosensing-assays.
Kommajosula, Aditya; Stoecklein, Daniel; Di Carlo, Dino; and Ganapathysubramanian, Baskar, "Shape-design for stabilizing micro-particles in inertial microfluidic flows" (2019). Mechanical Engineering Publications. 330.