Campus Units

Mechanical Engineering, Chemical and Biological Engineering

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Accepted Manuscript

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Journal or Book Title

Chemical Engineering Science



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Fluidization of non-spherical particles commonly exists in the biomass utilization and municipal solid waste (MSW) processing industries. In this study, cylindrical particles are used as a typical type of non-spherical particle and its orientation distribution is investigated when being co-fluidized with small spherical bed material. X-ray particle tracking velocimetry (XPTV), based on an X-ray stereography imaging system, is used to measure the 3D orientation of a single tracer particle over a long time period in the fluidized bed. The effects of gas velocity (uf), cylindrical particle mass fraction (ω), particle sphericity (Φ), and bed material size on the orientation distribution of the cylindrical particle are investigated and discussed in detail. An orientation distribution probability density function (PDF) model is proposed based on all experimental results.

The distribution probability P of the angle between the cylindrical particle central axis and vertical direction λ across the bed shows two minima in the ranges 0° ≤ λ < 10° and 40° ≤ λ < 50°, and two maxima in the ranges 20° ≤ λ < 30° and 70° ≤ λ < 80°. Increasing uf reduces λ, while the effect of particle sphericity Φ and cylindrical particle mass fraction ω increases with increasing uf.


This is a manuscript of an article published as Chen, Xi, Wenqi Zhong, and Theodore J. Heindel. "Orientation of cylindrical particles in a fluidized bed based on stereo X-ray particle tracking velocimetry (XPTV)." Chemical Engineering Science 203 (2019): 104-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2019.03.067. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Copyright Owner

Elsevier Ltd.



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Available for download on Monday, March 29, 2021

Published Version