Campus Units

Electrical and Computer Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Center for Nondestructive Evaluation (CNDE)

Document Type

Conference Proceeding


IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Link to Published Version

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

2018 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)



Conference Date

May 14-17, 2018


Houston, TX


Nitrate efflux from agricultural lands mixes with surface streams and adversely affects both human health as well as aquatic life. Currently, there is a lack of low-cost, effective, real-time systems for monitoring ion concentration. In this work, a microwave resonant sensor is designed using an open-ended coaxial transmission line, which can be evanescently perturbed by a liquid sample, and a suitable coupling structure which allows transmission measurements. The sensor is developed to have high sensitivity at agriculturally relevant concentrations, low manufacturing costs, and small dimensions to be potentially field deployable. Finite Element Analysis simulations are carried out using ANSYS HFSS, employing complex permittivity data of aqueous solution samples with varying concentrations of nitrate, sulfate, and chloride ions. Appropriate functions are determined that model the correlations between resonant frequency and ion concentration, and discussion on the feasibility of the sensor for field deployment is presented.


This is a manuscript of a proceeding published as Roy, Subhanwit, Nathan M. Neihart, and Nicola Bowler. "Coaxial microwave resonant sensor design for monitoring ionic concentration in aqueous solutions." In 2018 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC). IEEE, 2018. doi: 10.1109/I2MTC.2018.8409878. Posted with permission.


Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Copyright Owner




File Format


Published Version


Article Location