Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-31-2009

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Applied Physics

Volume

106

Issue

4

First Page

044107

DOI

10.1063/1.3207827

Abstract

Prior studies have shown that a field-induced ferroelectricity in ceramics with general chemical formula (1−x−y)(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–xBaTiO3–y(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 and a very low remanent strain can produce very large piezoelectric strains. Here we show that both the longitudinal and transverse strains gradually change with applied electric fields even during the transition from the nonferroelectric to the ferroelectric state, in contrast to known Pb-containing antiferroelectrics. Hence, the volume change and, in turn, the phase transition can be affected using uniaxial compressive stresses, and the effect on ferroelectricity can thus be assessed. It is found that the 0.94(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–0.05BaTiO3–0.01(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3ceramic (largely ferroelectric), with a rhombohedral R3c symmetry, displays large ferroelectric domains, significant ferroelastic deformation, and large remanent electrical polarizations even at a 250 MPa compressive stress. In comparison, the 0.91(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–0.07BaTiO3–0.02(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3ceramic (largely nonferroelectric) possesses characteristics of a relaxor ferroelectricceramic, including a pseudocubic structure, limited ferroelastic deformation, and low remanent polarization. The results are discussed with respect of the proposed antiferroelectric nature of the nonferroelectric state.

Comments

The following article appeared in Journal of Applied Physics 106 (2009): 044107 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3207827.

Rights

Copyright 2009 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

Copyright Owner

American Institute of Physics

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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