Document Type


Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance





First Page


Last Page





Cast duplex and superaustenitic stainless steels are attractive alloys for applications that desire high strength and high corrosion resistance. Due to the large amounts of alloying additions present in these systems, a proper solution heat-treatment schedule is critical in ensuring that the alloys are able to meet the desired specifications. While studies to determine the phase transformation behavior of duplex and superaustenitic alloys have shown that the precipitation kinetics are comparatively slow when considering large amounts of precipitation, studies involving Charpy impact specimens have noted significant decreases in impact strength in materials improperly heat treated for times as short as 10 min, well before any significant amount of precipitation (<1 >vol.%) has occurred. The goal of this study was to investigate a particular superaustenitic alloy, CN3MN, in an effort to determine the reason for this large drop in impact strength. Charpy impact specimens were tested from polycrystalline and single crystal samples in the solution heat-treated condition and after heat treatment at 872 °C for times ranging from 5 to 60 min to embrittle the material. Fracture surfaces were characterized using optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Auger spectroscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The fracture surfaces showed ductile and brittle characteristics for the standard and improperly treated samples, respectively. Close observation using SEM reveals precipitation takes place initially on grain boundaries, which may account for the observed embrittling effect. While difficult to see at very short times, measurements of linear coverage of precipitation along grain boundaries of polished samples show a definite relationship between drop in fracture toughness and grain boundary precipitation. The results of the Charpy tests and SEM observations, along with chemical analysis studies of the grain boundaries using x-rays and auger electrons, will be presented.


This article is from Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 19 (2010): 714-720, doi: 10.1007/s11665-009-9533-4. Posted with permission.


Copyright 2010 ASM International. This paper was published in Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 19, Issue 5, pp. 714-720 and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of ASM International. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplications of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of this paper are prohibited.

Copyright Owner

ASM International



File Format


Included in

Metallurgy Commons