Magnetostrictive performance of additively manufactured CoFe rods using the LENS(TM) system
This article is published as Jones, Nicholas J., Jin-Hyeong Yoo, Ryan T. Ott, Paul K. Lambert, Gabriela Petculescu, Emrah Simsek, Deborah Schlagel, and Thomas A. Lograsso. "Magnetostrictive performance of additively manufactured CoFe rods using the LENSTM system." AIP Advances 8, no. 5 (2018): 056403. DOI: 10.1063/1.5007673. Posted with permission.
Magnetostrictive materials exhibit a strain in the presence of a variable magnetic field. While they normally require large, highly oriented crystallographic grains for high strain values, metal additive manufacturing (3D printing) may be able to produce highly textured polycrystalline rods, with properties comparable to those manufactured using the more demanding free standing zone melting (FSZM) technique. Rods of Co75.8Fe24.2 and Co63.7Fe36.3 have been fabricated using the Laser engineered net shaping (LENSTM) system to evaluate the performance of additively manufactured magnetic and magnetostrictive materials. The 76% Co sample showed an average magnetostriction (λ) of 86 ppm at a stress of 124 MPa; in contrast, the 64% Co sample showed only 27 ppm at the same stress. For direct comparison, a Co67Fe33 single crystal disk, also measured as part of this study, exhibited a magnetostriction value of 131 and 91 microstrain in the  and  directions, respectively, with a calculated polycrystalline value (λs) of 107 microstrain. Electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) has been used to qualitatively link the performance with crystallographic orientation and phase information, showing only the BCC phase in the 76% Co sample, but three different phases (BCC, FCC, and HCP) in the 64% Co sample.