Materials Science and Engineering, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Surface and Coatings Technology
The microstructure and oxidation behavior were investigated in Al and Cr co-deposited diffusion coatings prepared by the pack cementation process. The composition (in wt.%) of the packs was 3NH4Cl-xAl-(25-x)Cr-72Al2O3 with different Al levels (x = 0.5, 1.2, 4, and 10). After the heat-treatment process, the corresponding microstructure of the coatings was Cr + Cr2Ni3 + Al-rich phase, Cr + Cr2Ni3, Cr + NiAl + Ni3Al and NiAl + AlCr2, respectively. The isothermal oxidation tests were performed at 950 °C for up to 100 h in air, and the oxidation kinetic curves were obtained. It indicated that the coatings formed in the packs containing 1.2 wt.% Al had the lowest weight gain, while the weight gain of the coating formed in the packs having 4 wt.% Al was the largest. The presence of Cr in Al and Cr co-deposited coatings promotes Al2O3 generation. The formation mechanisms of Al + Cr co-deposited coatings and the effect of Cr in different types of coatings during the oxidation process were discussed.
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Lin, R. Q.; Fu, C.; Liu, M.; Jiang, H.; Li, X.; Ren, Z. M.; Russell, Alan M.; and Cao, G. H., "Microstructure and oxidation behavior of Al + Cr co-deposited coatings on nickel-based superalloys" (2017). Materials Science and Engineering Publications. 315.