Campus Units

Electrical and Computer Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center (MRC)

Document Type


Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Angewandte Chemie International Edition




Fabrication of tunable fine texture on solid metal surfaces, often demands sophisticated reaction/processing systems. Exploiting in situ polymerization and self‐assembly of inorganic adducts derived from liquid metals (so‐called HetMet reaction) with concomitant solidification, solid metal films with tunable texture are readily fabricated. Serving as natural dimensional confinement, interparticle pores and capillary adhered thin liquid films in a pre‐packed bed of undercooled liquid metal particles lead to expeditious surface accumulation of organometallic synthons, that readily oligomerize and self‐assemble into concentration‐dictated morphologies/patterns. Tuning particle size, particle packing (flat or textured), and reactant concentration generates diverse autonomously organized organometallic structures on a metal particle bed. Concomitant solidification and sintering of the underlying undercooled particle bed led to a multiscale patterned solid metal surface. We illustrate the effectiveness of this dimensionally restricted polymerization, coupled solidification and sintering process by creating tunable features on pre‐organized metal particle beds with concomitant tunable wettability as illustrated through the so‐called petal‐ and lotus‐ effects.


This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Chang, Julia J., Chuanshen Du, Alana Pauls, and Martin M. Thuo. "Tunable Hydrophobicity via Dimensionally Confined Polymerization of Organometallic Adducts." Angewandte Chemie International Edition (2021), which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1002/anie.202101795. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Wiley‐VCH GmbH



File Format


Available for download on Friday, February 18, 2022

Published Version