William A. Gallus, Jr., Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences, Iowa State University


Several forecasting techniques use soundings to get the value of the variable being forecasted. This study examines the validity of a using the convective temperature to forecast for the maximum temperature, while comparing it to other forecasting techniques that use soundings. These include adding 13 degrees to 850mb temperature and using the forecasted high that is included in the sounding analysis. This study also examined where the convective temperature matches the observed high temperature. To do this, most of the information was obtained from the Iowa State University Meteorology Archive and National Weather Service’s archived data. Days were chosen to include at least one day a week for the last week of May and the first week of September. The data points included the convective temperature from the 12UTC, the 850mb temperature, the forecasted high, cloud cover, and the month, region and latitude that the sounding was taken in. The difference was taken between the variable temperatures and the observed maximum temperature. The average was taken of these differences and were taken against each other and against the other variables: latitude, region, month, and cloud cover. Statically analysis was performed to determine how well the variables are correlated and their statistical significance Region and latitude showed the at least some correlation, with latitude being the best. Lower latitudes had the smallest average temperature difference. An additional 20 cases were added to determine how well this proposed convective temperature forecasting method performs in the lower latitudes.

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Emily D. Baalman


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