The commercial production of fish is most commonly performed in open ponds, raceways, water reuse systems, and cages. Cage culture of fish is an intensive production method that allows the farmer to utilize existing farm ponds, borrow pits, or strip pits normally unsuitable for open pond culture, by enclosing fish in cages or pens. Generally, yields (pounds/acre) are greater in open pond culture. However, there are times when existing bodies of water do not lend themselves to open pond culture and cage culture may be the best alternative.
Iowa State University