North Central Regional Plant Introduction Station, Agronomy, Horticulture
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Environmental Horticulture
In 1984 and 1985, 21 landscape plant introductions from northern Japan were distributed for testing in the NC-7 Regional Ornamental Plant Trials. Seventeen of these introductions were evaluated for 10 years at six to ten sites representing a cross-section of growing conditions in the north central United States. For these 17 introductions, first-year survival averaged 60%; however, by year 10, fewer than 20% of the original 425 plants were alive. Based on these evaluations, the populations could be divided into four groups. One population of Rosa rugosa was adapted to most trial sites; two populations (Alnus hirsuta and Lonicera chrysantha) were adapted to some sites; three populations were of poorly adapted dieback shrubs, and the remaining II populations included a diverse set of trees and shrubs unadapted to any, or nearly any, trial site. Temperature and moisture data from Japan and from trial sites were used to examine relationships between plant adaptation and climate. Statistically significant, multiple-regression models were calculated to describe the functional relationships between temperature and moisture conditions and plant adaptation at the various trial sites. Our models predict that plants from northern Japan are best adapted to sites in the northeastern United States where moisture surpluses exceed those typically found in the north central United States. These models also suggest criteria to evaluate sites throughout northeastern Asia for future exploration.
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Widrlechner, Mark P.; Hebel, James B.; Herman, Dale E.; Iles, Jeffery K.; Kling, Gary J.; Ovrom, A. Paul; Pair, John C.; Paparozzi, Ellen T.; Poppe, Steven R.; Rose, Nancy; Schutzki, Robert E.; Tubesing, Charles; and Wildung, David K., "Performance of Landscape Plants from Northern Japan in the North Central United States" (1998). NCRPIS Publications and Papers. 81.