North Central Regional Aquaculture Center; Aquaculture Effluents;
Aquaculture Effluents: overview of EPA guidelines and standards and BMPs for ponds, raceways, and recycle systems
October 9, 2003
Aquaculture is the production of aquatic organisms, both plant and animal under controlled or semi-controlled conditions. The “controlled or semi-controlled conditions” distinguishes aquaculture from traditional “hunt-and-capture” fishing of wild stocks of marine and freshwater fish, shrimp, and shellfish. The combination of world aquaculture and commercial catches (wild stocks) have grown from 98.6 million metric tons (mmt) in 1990 to 126.2 mmt in 1999, but in 1990 aquaculture was only 13.2% of the total compared with 26.4% in 1999.
Iowa State University
Summerfelt, Robert C., "Introduction to "Aquaculture Effluents: overview of EPA guidelines and standards and BMPs for ponds, raceways, and recycle systems"" (2003). Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations. 17.