Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Journal or Book Title
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Anthropogenic food provisioning of wildlife can alter the frequency of contacts among hosts and between hosts and environmental sources of pathogens. Despite the popularity of backyard bird feeding, few studies have addressed how feeders influence host contact rates and disease dynamics. We experimentally manipulated feeder density in replicate aviaries containing captive, pathogen-naïve, groups of house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus) and continuously tracked behaviors at feeders using radio-frequency identification devices. We then inoculated one bird per group with Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg), a common bacterial pathogen for which feeders are fomites of transmission, and assessed effects of feeder density on house finch behavior and pathogen transmission. We found that pathogen transmission was significantly higher in groups with the highest density of bird feeders, despite a significantly lower rate of intraspecific aggressive interactions relative to low feeder density groups. Conversely, among naïve group members that never showed signs of disease, we saw significantly higher concentrations of Mgspecific antibodies in low feeder density groups, suggesting that birds in low feeder density treatments had exposure to subclinical doses of Mg. We discuss ways in which the density of backyard bird feeders could play an important role in mediating the intensity of Mg epidemics.
Moyers, Sahnzi C.; Adelman, James S.; Farine, Damien R.; Thomason, Courtney A.; and Hawley, Dana M., "Feeder density enhances house finch disease transmission in experimental epidemics" (2018). Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications. 278.