Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Journal or Book Title
The Population Ecology and Conservation of Charadrius Plovers
Demography is the foundation of conservation directed at influencing population growth. A review of 39 species of plover revealed the disparity in our understanding of their vital rates and population biology. A few species have been well studied (Kentish, Snowy, Piping, and Mountain plovers), which contrasts with the dearth of knowledge for most others. Nest survival is the best studied vital rate and many species have an approximately 50% chance of producing young from a single nesting attempt. Nest survival patterns vary in response to intrinsic factors such as nest age, season, adult fitness, and egg quality and extrinsic factors such as habitat at the nest site, and anthropogenic influences. Many studies examined the role of predator control and exclusion and found that, while exclosures lead to increased hatching success, the contribution to long-term population growth was less certain. Age-specific survival rates have been well studied in just a few species and reveal a pattern of low chick survival (often
American Ornithological Society
Dinsmore, Stephen J., "Population Biology" (2019). Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications. 310.