Homogeneous transition metal complex catalysts for organic industrial processes are converted to catalysts which are heterogeneous with respect to the reactants, and which have substantially equal catalytic activity to the homogeneous catalysts. This is done by reacting a normally homogeneous transition metal complex catalyst with a metal bridging ligand which substantially duplicates the ligand moiety of the metal complex, to provide a polymerized, normally solid, heterogeneous phase, transition metal complex catalyst.
ISURF Reference Number
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.,
Verkade, John G., "Converting homogeneous to heterogeneous catalysts" (1981). Iowa State University Patents. 228.