A pump for exerting a pumping force on a fluid in an attached conduit, the pump being actuated by a voltage from a power supply, the pump comprising a liquid metal pool, a containment vessel for confining the pool, an inner tubular member in hydraulic contact with the attached conduit and with an open end disposed in the pool to divide a free upper surface of the pool into an actuation surface and a working surface, an electrolyte in contact with the actuation surface, an electrode in contact with the electrolyte, and an electrode in contact with the pool, such that application of a voltage to the electrodes causes a surface tension change in the actuation surface and a resulting height change in the working surface, whereby a pumping action is transferred to the fluid in the attached conduit.
ISURF Reference Number
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.,
Porter, Marc D.; Hoffman, David K.; and Zhong, Chuan-Jian, "Fluid pumping system based on electrochemically-induced surface tension changes" (1995). Iowa State University Patents. 236.