The present invention provides new amorphous or partially crystalline mixed anionchalcogenide compounds for use in proton exchange membranes which are able to operate over a wide variety of temperature ranges, including in the intermediate temperature range of about 100 ° C. to 300° C., and new uses for crystallinemixed anion chalcogenide compounds in such proton exchange membranes. In one embodiment, the proton conductivity of the compounds is between about 10−8 S/cm and 10−1 S/cm within a temperature range of between about −60 and300° C. and a relative humidity of less than about 12%.
US 7,101,527 B1
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
Poling, Steven A.; Nelson, Carly R.; and Martin, Steve W., "Mixed anion materials and compounds for novel proton conducting membranes" (2006). Iowa State University Patents. 252.